# Common Trading Rules and Concepts!
Trading rules refer to a set of guidelines and regulations that govern the buying and selling of financial instruments such as stocks, bonds, commodities, or currencies on various markets, including stock exchanges, futures exchanges, and forex markets. These rules are put in place to ensure fair and orderly trading, maintain market integrity, and protect the interests of investors.
Here are some common trading rules and concepts:
1. Market Hours:
Trading typically occurs within specified hours, known as market hours. Different markets have their own designated trading hours, and trading outside these hours may not be possible or may have limited liquidity.
2. Bid and Ask Prices:
The bid price represents the highest price a buyer is willing to pay for a security, while the ask price represents the lowest price at which a seller is willing to sell. The difference between the bid and ask prices is called the spread.
3. Market Orders:
A market order is an instruction to buy or sell a security at the prevailing market price. Market orders are executed immediately at the best available price.
4. Limit Orders:
A limit order is an instruction to buy or sell a security at a specific price or better. It allows traders to set a maximum price they are willing to pay (for buying) or a minimum price they are willing to accept (for selling).
5. Stop Orders:
Stop orders are conditional orders that are triggered when a security reaches a specified price, known as the stop price. There are two types: stop-loss orders (to limit potential losses) and stop-limit orders (to trigger a limit order at a specific price).
6. Short Selling:
Short selling is a trading strategy where an investor borrows a security and sells it in the hope that its price will decline. They can then repurchase the security at a lower price, return it to the lender, and profit from the price difference.
7. Margin Trading:
Margin trading allows traders to borrow funds from their broker to buy securities. It involves leveraging their existing capital to potentially amplify profits, but it also carries higher risks, as losses can also be magnified.
8. Circuit Breakers:
Circuit breakers are mechanisms designed to temporarily halt or limit trading during times of extreme market volatility. They help prevent sharp price movements and give traders time to reassess their positions.
9. Insider Trading:
Insider trading refers to the illegal practice of trading securities based on non-public, material information that can impact the price of those securities. It is generally prohibited to ensure fairness and prevent unfair advantages.
10. Regulatory Compliance:
Trading rules are established and enforced by regulatory bodies such as the Securities and Exchange Commission of India (SEBI), the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in the United States or the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) in the United Kingdom. These regulators aim to protect investors, maintain market stability, and ensure fair practices.
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